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Native ponies existed in Wales before 1600 BC, and a Welsh-type cob was known as early as the Middle Ages. They were influenced by the Arabian Horse, and possibly also by the Thoroughbred and Hackney Horse.
In 1901, the first stud book for the Welsh breeds was established in the United Kingdom. Stock was divided into four sections according to height and type. The Section A Welsh Mountain Pony, Section B Welsh Pony, Section C Welsh Pony (Cob type) and Section D Welsh Cob. Each Section, or type, has specific characteristics, but all retain the pony character, versatility and excellent temperament of the Welsh breeds.
With the exception of piebald or skewbald any colour is allowed. Chestnut, bay, brown and black are most usual. Greys are rare, but there are a number of duns, palominos and creams. For a Section C the height should not exceed 13.2 h.h. (137.2 cms). Section Ds should exceed 13.2 h.h. (137 cms), there is no upper limit.
Before licensing was introduced in 1918, breeding stock were selected by means of the old trotting matches which took place with a stopwatch over a measured distance on many roads in Wales. Such names as the many Comets, Flyers and Expresses which abound in the early volumes of the Stud Book testify to their speed and prowess. – via www.WelshCob.co.uk
Like the Welsh pony, the Welsh Cob has become more and more popular as it gets better known. It is an “all-rounder” – equally suitable for riding or driving. A natural jumper, it is healthy, hardy and strong, able to live out all the year round. It also has the warm-blooded loveable pony nature – active, kind, intelligent and willing.
Section C: The Welsh Pony of Cob Type
The Welsh Pony of Cob Type, Section C, is the stronger counterpart of the Welsh Pony, but with Cob blood.
Active, sure-footed and hardy, they are ideal for so many purposes both for adults and children. There are in fact few things that they cannot be used for.
Section D: The Welsh Cob
Aptly described as “the best ride and drive animal in the World”, the Welsh Cob has been evolved throughout many centuries for his courage, tractability and powers of endurance.
The general character is the embodiment of strength, hardiness and agility. the head shows great quality with Pony character: bold prominent eyes, a broad forehead and neat, well-set ears. The body must be deep, on strong limbs with good “hard wearing” joints and an abundance of flat bone. Action must be straight, free and forceful, the knees should be bent and then the whole foreleg extended from the shoulders as far as possible in all paces, with the hocks well flexed, producing powerful leverage.
The Welsh Cob is a good hunter and a most competent performer in all competitive sports. In recent years they have had great success in the international driving world. Their abilities in all spheres are now fully recognised throughout the world. – via www.WelshCob.co.uk
Both Sections C and D display the following characteristics;